Our Skin is a seamless organ that covers our entire bodies. It acts as the first line of defence after an injury and scarring is part of the natural healing process. Scars can be formed as a result of many different types of injury such as an abrasion, a cut or a deep gash, acne, burns or any other form of rupturing of the skin. Such damage to the skin will lead to the skin beginning its own damage control mechanism and may sometimes results in the formation of scars. Depending on the type of damage certain scars may end up being more visible and deeper, making them unsightly and difficult to hide.
When the skin heals, the body releases a chemical called collagen the amount of which will depend on the severity of the injury. Sometimes depending on our genes the body may produce too much collagen. Hence the reason why the same type injury may result in different scar tissue formation from one person to another.
Factors that affect the healing process
The type of wound – in most cases, the larger the wound, the greater the chance of a larger scar. Surgery, burns, cuts, skin allergies and acne may also result in scarring.
Skin Type: Those with dark skin, usually of Asian and the Afro-Carribean descent will tend to form keloid scars that can be stubborn and extend beyond the wound area.
Our Genes: This can be a significant factor as some people produce more collagen and as a result can suffer from deeper scarring.
Location of the scar: This can determine the skin stress levels due to the stretching and the movement of muscle below, therefore affecting both shape and size of the scar.
Age and hormones: These play a part as more acne scarring is often observed around puberty and pregnancy. In women, these tend to reduce as menopause approaches.
Aging As we age and our hormone levels change over the years, skin can become thinner and parched, causing dry skin.
Irritants: Both fabrics on the clothes we wear, and the detergents we use to wash them can aggravate or trigger dry skin conditions. Other irritants include chemicals and pollution in the air.
Atrophic Scars: Atrophic Scars are often thinner in depth and sunken due to damage to the collagen, fat or other tissues in the lower dermis layers. These scars can be the result of acne, chicken pox or surgery. They often resemble hyper pigmentation, since the skin develops at a different shade compared to the other areas.
Hypertrophic Scars: Hypertrophic Scars are similar to atrophic scars, however they are more raised over the skin. This is due to excessive tissue developing over skin openings. These types of scars are usually the result of injury to deeper layers of the skin (dermis).
Keloid Scars: as with Hypertrophic scars, these are raised over other areas of skin. They form at times when skin is going through an accelerated healing phase. Keloid scars are often darker than surrounding skin. They are the result of excessive repair that surpasses the initial damage.
Acne Scars: Acne scars develop after periods of acne/pimples healing. The scarring is caused mostly after sever acne. Touching and picking of affected areas worsens the damage and can cause the scarring.
Skin Rehab is completely silicone-free yet highly effective, especially for post-operative and laser treatment cases. It uses five naturally active ingredients to create an ideal recovery environment for wounds and burns – helping prevent the formation of unsightly scars.
It also soothes itching, inflammation and soreness caused by the healing process, whilst its green tone counteracts the appearance of redness. Skin Rehab can even help improve the look of existing scars.